Homelessness can be caused by tragic life occurrences like job loss, domestic violence, divorce, and family disputes. Other impairments such as depression, untreated mental illness, post-traumatic stress disorder, and physical disabilities can result in homelessness. Other factors that also contribute to homelessness are unexpected vehicle or home repairs or illness.
According to a study released in 2007 by The National Alliance to End Homelessness, Idaho ranks among one of the top ten states with the highest rates of homelessness. According to a 2008 U.S. Conference of Mayors study, the three most common cited causes of homelessness among unaccompanied adults are:
Adults who are homeless frequently report the following health problems:
- Substance abuse
- Lack of affordable housing
- Mental illness
The majority of those incarcerated committed offenses while under the influence of an illegal substance or alcohol. Once they are placed on probation/parole they are required to find housing with very limited financial resources. While under court supervision they will also be required to pay for Cost of Supervision, required courses, and child support payments.
- Alcohol use problems
- Drug use problems
- Mental health problems
- Dual diagnosis (Substance use and mental/physical health problems)
- Acute health problems such as TB, pneumonia, or STD.
- Chronic health conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or cancer.